DISTRICT PROFILE


Patna is the largest town and headquarters of Patna district, Patna division and Bihar state. Patna is the capital of Bihar state. It is located on the south bank of the river Ganga. It is well connected by railway and road. It is mainly an administrative and educational centre of Bihar. It has however a few ancient sacred places as also places of tourist interest. 


Rice is the main crop of the district. It accounts for more than one third gross area sown. Other important food grains grown are maize, pulses and wheat. Non-food crops consist mostly of oil-seeds, cash crops such as vegetables, water-melons etc. are also grown in Diara belt.

 


Altitude 

53 meters

Location

25.35° N 85.12° E

Rainfall (Avg.)

120 cms

Population (Patna District)

4718592

Language Spoken:

Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, English, Maithali &  Maghi

 

Profile of Patna District

 


Number of Households

726,364

Average Household Size (per Household)

6.0

Population-Total

4,718,592

Proportion of Urban Population (%)

41.6

Population-Rural

2757060

Sex Ratio

873

Population-Urban

1961532

Sex Ratio(0-6 Year)

923

Population(0-6Years)

818,994

Sex Ratio (SC)

886

SC Population

729,988

Sex Ratio (ST)

726

ST Population

9,236

Proportion of SC (%)

15.0

Literates

2,453,501

Proportion of ST (%)

0.0

Illiterates

2,265,091

Literacy Rate (%)

63.0

Total Workers

1,425,647

Work Participation Rate (%)

30.0

Main Worker

1,161,984

% of Main Workers

25.0

Marginal Worker

263,663

% of Marginal Worker

6.0

Non Worker

3,292,945

% of non Workers

70.0

 


Administrative Setup


The district is the basic unit of the administration. The Collector as the head of the administration. The Collector is the chief functionary of the State Government in the district and is the chief coordinating authority at the district level. For administrative convenience, the District of Patna has been divided into following units :-


•             Sub - Divisions - 6
•             Blocks - 23
•             Village Panchayat  - 331


1.            The smallest unit of administration is the Gram Panchayat . It operates at the village level and is headed by a ‘Mukhiya’. The Panchayat looks after the management and the development of the villages. 


2.            A group of panchayats form a block. The administration of each block is handled by a ‘Samiti’ of Mukhiyas of the constituting Panchayats. This Samitti looks after primary health and education, animal husbandry and agricultural development of the villages. The government appoints one Block Development Officer (BDO) for each block.


3.            Many blocks constitute a sub-division. It is headed by an S.D.O. The S.D.O and the officers under him are responsible for the administration of the sub-division. 

 

4.            District is formed by a group of sub-division .The administrative head of a district is District Magistrate (D.M.) and he is assisted by many officers for administration.